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 English Vocabulary for ESL learners 


Differences in British and American spelling and vocabulary


In Britain some verbs end in either -ize or -ise. Both are used.
In America, they always end in -ize. Here are some examples :

UK : analyse, apologise, organise, realise.
US : analyze, apologize, organize, realize.
Regular - Irregular forms of verbs:

Some verbs have alternative regular and irregular past tense and past participle forms, for example: dream - dreamed or dreamt. In Britain, the irregular form is more often used, whereas in the USA, there is a preference for the regular form. Here are some of those verbs:
burn burned / burnt 
dream dreamed / dreamt
learn learned / learnt
spell spelled / spelt
spoil spoiled / spoilt
The pronoun 'one'

Americans do not often use 'one' to mean 'people in general',  nor do they use 'one's' or 'oneself'. 
UK:  One should look after one's health.
US : You should look after your health. / People should look after their health.

There are differences in the way dates are said and written.
UK : 4th July - the fourth of July
US : July 4   -  July four   -   July fourth

The British use 'and' between hundred and the rest of the number. The Americans do not.


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