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 English Grammar for ESL learners 


When to use of the definite article 'the'.

The definite article 'the' designates a specific person, place or event as shown below:

Specific things.
The book I bought is interesting.
Pass me the sugar please.
The milk is in the refrigerator.
Hotels, monuments, buildings, museums, cinemas, theatres. The Ritz, The Tower of London,
The Empire State building, The Louvre,
The Odeon Cinema, The Royal Theatre
Mountain ranges, rivers, seas, oceans. The Alps, The Mississippi,
The Black Sea, The Pacific Ocean.
Groups of states or islands The United States of America,
The Bahamas.
No article is used in the following cases :
Generalisations Sugar is sweet.
Caviar is expensive.
Streets, squares, etc. Oxford Street, Time Square
Names of mountains and lakes Mount Everest, Lake Ontario
Countries (except groups as above) England, France, Japan, India, etc.
Continents Europe, Africa, Asia, America, Australia

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Please note that British English spelling is used on this website.

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