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 English Grammar and Vocabulary for ESL learners 


The difference between 'job' and 'work'.

English learners often find it difficult to know when to use 'job' and when to use 'work'.

JOB generally refers to a function or position.
Julie went to Japan and got a job as an English teacher.
About 150 jobs will be created in the new industrial zone.
Emily is an events manager. She loves her job.
John is out of work at the moment. He’s busy applying for jobs.
You'll need a well-paid job if you want to live in central London.

A job can also be a task, an assignment or a chore.
I had a hard job removing the stains.
Charlie! It's your job to mow the lawn!
Stop interrupting her. Let her get on with the job!

Job is a countable noun. A person can have one job or several jobs.
Bob took on a second job because he needed more money.

A job can be full-time or part-time, temporary or permanent.

Expressions with the word 'job' :
You did a good/great job! → You succeeded in doing something well.
It's a good job Tom heard the customer complaining.→ Luckily Tom heard ....
A plum job → A well-paid job that is considered relatively easy.

WORK refers to mental or physical activity.
Emily works very hard. She has a lot of work to do.
John is looking forward to going back to work/to working again.
There's a lot of work to be done to the old house.

Work is both a verb and an uncountable noun.
Bob works in the oil industry.
Many people apply for work in his company. (not: a work)
Work on the project has not yet begun.

It can also refer to the place where you do your job.
Where’s Dad? He’s at work.
He arrives at work at 9 o'clock every morning.
It is advisable not to make personal calls at work.
I'll buy some food on my way home from work.

Expressions with the word 'work' :
Work like a charm (be very effective)
→ I cleaned it with vinegar and it worked like a charm!
Work your fingers to the bone (work very hard)
→ He worked his fingers to the bone to have everything ready on time.

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Please note that British English spelling is used on this website.

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