Politics and Political DiscussionsThe list of words below should help you understand the language used in politics.
A system of voting, especially secret.
To vote by ballot.
Paper or card marked by a person who votes.
A box in which voters deposit their market ballots.
Draft of a proposed law to be discussed in
parliament where it
will be amended, passed or thrown out.
|bipartisan||Involving two political parties.|
|campaign||Planned activities in an organised effort to win an election.|
|coalition||Alliance of two or more political parties, usually to form a government.|
A statement of the fundamental principles and laws
a country or state is governed.
|coup d'etat||Sudden, often violent, change of government when a group, such as the military, takes control.|
|democracy||A form of government where elections are held and people vote for the candidate of their choice to represent them.|
|dictatorship||A form of government in which a single individual, who has often seized power by force, exercises political authority using arbitrary and oppressive methods.|
|dissolution||The termination of the current parliament, which takes place before a general election.|
|election||The process of voting for a candidate or representative.|
|electorate||All the people who can vote in an election.|
|Rearrange the voting districts in order to ensure more votes for the party in power.|
|government||A political body that exercises authority over a nation or state and has the power to make and enforce laws.|
|grass roots||Ordinary people in a society, as opposed to those who are in power.|
|incumbent||Person currently holding an official position.|
|landslide victory||Win an election with a large majority of votes.|
|law||A rule or regulation established by the government.|
|monarchy||System of government in which the head of state is a king or a queen.|
|nominee||Person chosen by a political party to run for election.|
|Group of people who try to influence an elected official, or the act of doing so, generally to support or oppose proposed legislation.|
|opposition||Political party or parties opposing the government.|
|policy||Course of action proposed by a government or political party.|
|political asylum||Protection given by a State to a person who has left their own country because they oppose its government.|
|political party||A political organisation with stated beliefs, aims and policies, that puts forward candidates in elections.|
|politician||Person who has been elected and works professionally in politics.|
|politics||The ideas and activities associated with the governing of a country, region, city, etc.|
1) Voting at an election.
2) A survey of public opinion by questioning a selection of people.
(the) polls /
|Place where people vote.|
|prime minister||The head of the government in a parliamentary political system.|
|regime||System of government : a communist, fascist, etc. regime.|
|republic||System of government in which power is held by elected representatives and an elected president.|
|run (for election)||Be a candidate in an election.|
|spin doctor||A spokesperson who gives a favourable interpretation of events to the media, especially on behalf of a political personality or party.|
|turn-out||The number of people who vote in an election.|
|vote||Choose a candidate in an election.|
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