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English Phrasal Verbs

A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb;
the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb.
Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order
with their meaning and an example of use.

Phrasal verbs - Alphabetical List - C

Phrasal Verb



call back Return a phone call  I'll call you back as soon as possible.
call off Cancel The meeting was called off because of the strike.
call on/upon Formally invite or request. I now call upon the President to address the assembly.
calm down Become more relaxed or less angry/upset. He was angry at first, but he eventually calmed down.
carry on Continue. He carried on gardening in spite of the rain.
carry out 1) Do something as specified (plan, order, threat...)
2) Perform or conduct (test, experiment ...)
1) The plan was carried out to perfection.
2) Tests are carried out to determine the efficiency of a new drug.
carry over Postpone until later. As regards holidays, can we carry over days from one year to the next?
catch up on Acquire information you have missed. I must call by mother to catch up on the latest family events.
catch up with Reach the same stage as someone else. I've missed some classes so I'll have to work hard to catch up with the others.
check in Register at a hotel or airport. For security reasons, you have to check in two hours before your flight.
check out 1) Pay one's bill and leave (a hotel)

2) Investigate or verify.
1) Is Mr. Bush still at the hotel? No, he checked out this morning.
2) I don't know if the address is still valid.
I'll check it out.
cheer up Put someone in a better mood. I told her a joke to try and cheer her up.
chip in Contribute to, or participate in, something done by a group. Bob has decided to retire and we're going to buy him a present.  Do you want to chip in?
clam up Refuse to speak. When the teacher arrived, she clammed up.
clamp down on Act strictly to prevent something. The government decided to clamp down on smoking in public areas.
close down Stop operating (company, restaurant, cinema ...) When the factory closed down, the employees lost their jobs.
come across 1) Find by chance, encounter

2) Appear, seem, make an impression.
1) Julie came across some photographs of her grandparents in the attic.
2) The candidate came across as a dynamic person during the interview.
come down with Become ill with ... The architect planned to attend the inauguration but unfortunately he came down with the flu over the weekend.
come forward Present oneself; volunteer The police have asked any witnesses to come forward.
come up against Be faced with or opposed by. The project came up against a lot of criticism.
come up with Produce an idea or plan. Sacha came up with a great idea for the party.
conk out 1) Stop working.

2) Stop or fall asleep (from exhaustion).
1) The car conked out on the motorway.
2) He was so exhausted, he conked out in front of the TV.
consist in Have something as its principal or only feature The elegance of the building consists in its simplicity.
consist of Be composed or made up of The jury consists of five members.
count on Rely or depend on. I'm counting on the taxi driver to find the theatre.
cross out Remove by drawing a line through. In some exercises you are asked to cross out the incorrect word.
cut down on Reduce in number or size. The doctor told him to cut down on cigarettes.
cut out 1) Remove using scissors.
2) Stop doing something.
1) She cut out a picture in a magazine.
2) I'm going to cut out eating sweet food.
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