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English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.



Past Simple Tense

(example : to play)

  • The past simple tense of regular* verbs is formed by adding - ed to the infinitive
    (for example: -  infinitive : to play,    Past Simple : I played)
    *See past simple tense of irregular verbs

  • The auxiliary did is used to form the negative and interrogative forms

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
Long Form Contracted Form




I played I did not play I didn't play Did I play?
You played You did not play You didn't play Did you play?
He/she/it played He/she/it did not play He/she/it didn't play Did he/she/it play?
We played We did not play We didn't play Did we play?
You played You did not play You didn't play Did you play?
They played They did not play They didn't play Did they play?

The past simple tense is used to talk about finished actions in a finished period of time,
for example :
  • Yesterday evening I played tennis with a friend.
  • Last year I started taking tennis lessons.
  • When I was at school I hated history.
  • Five minutes ago I finished the report for my boss.
  • Last week I attended a meeting in Tokyo.



List of irregular verbs