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English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.


Past Perfect Tense

(example : to do)


   
Past Perfect Simple
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
Long Form Contracted Form




I had done I had not done I hadn't done Had I done?
You had done You had not done You hadn't done Had you done?
He/she/it had done He/she/it had not done He/she/it hadn't done Had he/she/it done?
We had done We had not done We hadn't done Had we done?
You had done You had not done You hadn't done Had you done?
They had  done They had not done They hadn't done Had they done?
     
Past Perfect Continuous
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
Long Form Contracted Form




I had been doing I had not been doing I hadn't been doing Had I been doing?
You had been doing You had not been doing You hadn't been doing Had you been doing?
He/she/it had been doing He/she/it had not  been doing He/she/it hadn't been doing. Had he/she/it been doing?
We had been doing We had not been doing We hadn't been doing Had  we been doing?
You had been doing You had not been doing You hadn't been doing Had you been doing?
They had been doing They had not been doing They hadn't been doing Had they been doing?




  • The past perfect simple is used to refer to finished actions or completed events which took place before a specific time in the past.

    • Yesterday, between 4pm and 6pm, Paul played a game of tennis with Tom.
      His mother arrived at 6 pm. The game was over.
      When his mother arrived, Paul had finished the game.

    • When Tom got to the station the train had already left.

    • The boy was cold because he had forgotten his jacket.

    • Laura had visited Tokyo several times before she went to work there.

  • The past perfect continuous is used to refer to a past continuous action, an action that was in progress up to a particular time in the past.

    • Before his mother arrived, Paul had been playing tennis with Tom.

    • I had been searching for a long time before I found the book under the sofa.

    • Eva was tired at lunch-time because she had been cleaning the house all morning.

    • Bill had been working in the company for 6 months before he met the boss.