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English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.


Past Perfect Tense

(example : to do)


   
Past Perfect Simple
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
Long Form Contracted Form




I had done I had not done I hadn't done Had I done?
You had done You had not done You hadn't done Had you done?
He/she/it had done He/she/it had not done He/she/it hadn't done Had he/she/it done?
We had done We had not done We hadn't done Had we done?
You had done You had not done You hadn't done Had you done?
They had  done They had not done They hadn't done Had they done?
     
Past Perfect Continuous
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
Long Form Contracted Form




I had been doing I had not been doing I hadn't been doing Had I been doing?
You had been doing You had not been doing You hadn't been doing Had you been doing?
He/she/it had been doing He/she/it had not  been doing He/she/it hadn't been doing. Had he/she/it been doing?
We had been doing We had not been doing We hadn't been doing Had  we been doing?
You had been doing You had not been doing You hadn't been doing Had you been doing?
They had been doing They had not been doing They hadn't been doing Had they been doing?




  • The past perfect simple is used to refer to actions which took place     
         before a specific time in the past.
    • Yesterday, between 4pm and 6pm, Paul played a game of tennis with Tom.
      His mother arrived at 6 pm.
      When his mother arrived, Paul had finished the game.

  • The past perfect continuous is used to refer to a past continuous action.
    •  Before his mother arrived, Paul had been playing tennis with Tom.