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English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.


Passive Form of Verbs


The passive form of verbs is made with the different tenses of BE + the past participle :
(for example : English is spoken here.)

  • We use the active form of a verb to say what a subject does:
    • The chef cooks food every day.
  • We use the passive form to say what happens to the subject:
    • Food is cooked every day.
  • The subject of a passive verb corresponds to the object of an active verb :
    • Food is cooked every day.  (Passive).
    • The chef cooks food every day.  (Active)
         
  • We use the passive form of a verb when it is not important who does the action,
    or when we don't know who does it.
    • The letter was delivered at 9 a.m.
      The identity of the person who delivered the letter is unknown or unimportant.
      If we want to say who delivered the letter, we use 'by':
      The letter was delivered by the postman.

VERB ACTIVE PASSIVE
Infinitive : To cook To be cooked



Present Simple : I cook food in the kitchen. Food is cooked in the kitchen.
Present Continuous I am cooking  food in the kitchen. Food is being cooked in the kitchen.
Present Perfect  I have cooked food in the kitchen. Food has been cooked in the kitchen.
Past Simple  I cooked food in the kitchen. Food was cooked in the kitchen.
Past Continuous  I was cooking food in the kitchen. Food was being cooked in the kitchen.
Past Perfect  I had cooked food in the kitchen. Food had been cooked in the kitchen.
Future  I will cook food in the kitchen. Food will be cooked in the kitchen.
Future Perfect  I will have cooked food in the kitchen. Food will have been cooked in the kitchen.
Conditional I would cook food in the kitchen Food would be cooked in the kitchen.
Cond. Perfect I would have cooked food in the kitchen. Food would have been cooked in the kitchen.



Try an exercise

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