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 English Grammar for ESL learners 


'Going to'

present-future structure to talk about the future



BE GOING TO

The structure be going to is mainly used to talk about plans and intentions, or to make predictions based on present evidence. It is most commonly used in conversational English.

In very informal spoken English, going to is sometimes shortened to gonna.

subject be going full infinitive
I am going to paint the door.
You are going to love this book.
Jack is going to buy a new computer.
It is going to rain very soon.
We are going to visit a museum.
They are going to accept our invitation.


PLANS and INTENTIONS :

Be going to is used to talk about plans and intentions, usually when the decision has already been made.

♦ Emma is going to share an apartment with Melanie.
♦ Pedro is going to revise his English all evening.
♦ I'm going to watch the match on television.


PREDICTIONS :

We use be going to when we can see that something is likely to happen.

♦ Look at those clouds. It's going to rain!
♦ The ladder is shaking. That man is going to fall!
♦ Hurry up!  We're going to miss the bus.


GONNA :

Although it is grammatically incorrect, going to is sometimes shortened to gonna, in very informal conversations, especially when we speak quickly. Gonna is also used in song lyrics.

Gonna is more often found in American English, but it is never written that way (except in song lyrics).

♦ I'm gonna surprise you all one day!  =  I'm going to surprise you all one day.

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