Visitors :

Please place a pin on
the guestmap to show
where you come from.

Free Guestmap from

Many thanks for all your encouraging messages.

Guestmap information

Follow us on Facebook
Facebook icon

Custom Search

English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.


One of the difficulties of the English language is that  some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do)

Below you will find some guidelines and examples to help you.

When do we use the GERUND? (verbs ending in -ing, ex: doing)

After verbs that express likes/dislikes :
like, love, enjoy, dislike, hate, don't mind, can't stand ...

Example : She likes doing crossword puzzles.
He enjoys listening to music in the car.
After certain other verbs such as :
admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, delay, deny, finish,
imagine, involve, keep (on), mention, miss, postpone, suggest ...

Example : Would you consider doing a few extra hours?
Can you image walking such a long distance?.
After prepositions :
worried/nervous/anxious about ...
Example : I'm a bit worried about driving in the snow.
interested in ...
Example : Are you interested in working for us?
instead of ...
Ex: Would you like to walk instead of taking the bus?
fond of ...
Ex: My mother is fond of doing crossword puzzles.
keen on ...
Ex: My dad is keen on watching sports on television.
look forward to ...
Ex:  Our parents are looking forward to seeing us soon.
good at ...
Ex:  Julie is good at making cakes.
Ex: Before leaving the office, please turn off the lights.
after ...
Ex: After tidying the kitchen she went straight to bed.
After certain expressions :
it's no use ...
Ex:  It's no use pleading - I won't change my mind.
it's no good ...
Ex: It's no good shouting at him - he's deaf!
there's no point in ...
Ex: There's no point in cooking food - nobody's hungry!

When do we use the INFINITIVE? (ex : to do)

After verbs that refer to a future event :
want, hope, intend, would like, promise ...
Ex : I would like to do a course in medieval history.
He promised to return the book after reading it.
She hopes to find a job when she graduates.
After certain verbs such as :
afford, agree, arrange, choose, need, fail, happen,
help, learn, manage, offer, refuse, seem ...
Ex : I agree to pay for the damage.
Harry managed to get tickets for the match.

We arranged to go to the party together.
After adjectives:
glad/happy/relieved ...:  (glad to know that ...)
pleased/delighted... :    (pleased to meet you...)
disappointed/sorry... :   (disappointed to hear that ..)
After 'too' and 'enough'
it's too difficult...
Ex : It's too difficult to explain how it happened.
it's easy enough...
Ex : It's easy enough to install. You can do it yourself.

back to grammar