English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.
WISH - IF
Explanation on the meaning and use of 'wish' and 'if'.
- To express a regret about the present,
we use wish + the past simple :
- I don't play the piano. I wish I played
- Pedro doesn't speak English. Pedro wishes he spoke English.
- Hugo doesn't have a car. He wishes he had a car.
- I don't play the piano. I wish I played the piano.
- When 'wish' if followed by the verb 'to be', 'were' is used instead of 'was':
- I don't have a lot of money. I
wish I were (not
- I'm not very tall. I wish I were taller.
- I'm not very strong. I wish I were stronger.
- I don't have a lot of money. I wish I were (not was) rich.
- To express a regret about the past,
we use wish + the past perfect :
- Julie lost her umbrella
wishes she hadn't lost
- Alex didn't revise his grammar. Alex wishes he had revised his grammar.
- The hotel was full. Tom wished he had booked a room.
- Julie lost her umbrella yesterday. Julie wishes she hadn't lost her umbrella.
- To express a desire to change something,
we use wish + would :
- The children are making a lot of noise. I wish they would stop making noise.
- The weather is awful. I wish the weather would improve.
- The cinema is old-fashioned. I wish the owners would renovate it.
◊ “If only you had told me in time!’ = “I wish you had told me in time.”
- After if, we often use were
instead of was, especially in a
formal style where it is considered more correct.
- If I were rich, I would travel all over the world.
- If he were a better manager, the
company would be more successful.
- We use the structure "if I were you " + would
to give advice
- If I were you I would take English lessons.