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 English Grammar for ESL learners 


SO - NEITHER



 SO 

SO is used to show agreement with affirmative statements by, or concerning, another person.

SO + Auxiliary + Subject (pronoun) :  So do I

Remember :
The Auxiliary in the response must agree with the verb tense in the original statement.

Here are some examples :

Speaker A Speaker B
Charlie likes chocolate. So do I = I like chocolate too.
Emma lives in London. So does Amanda. = Amanda lives in London too.
Alex can swim. So can Jenny. = Jenny can swim too.
Pedro is good at sports. So is Rafael. = Rafael is good at sports too.
Our teachers are very strict. So are ours. = Our teachers are very strict too.
Enzo would love to work in Paris. So would I. = I would love to work in Paris too.
Alex will be angry. So will I = I will be angry too.

 NEITHER 

NEITHER is used to show agreement with negative statements.
NEITHER can be replaced by NOR with no change in meaning.

Neither + Auxiliary + Subject (pronoun) :  Neither do I (Nor do I)

Remember :
The Auxiliary in the response must agree with the verb tense in the original statement.

Here are some examples :

Speaker A Speaker B
Sam doesn't want to go out. Neither do I. = I don't want to go out either.
Wendy can't cook. Neither can I. = I can't cook either.
Jason doesn't have a ticket. Neither does Tom. = Tom doesn't have a ticket either.
I can't speak Chinese. Neither can Julie. = Julie can't speak Chinese either.
Peter hasn't finished yet. Neither has James. = James hasn't finished yet either.
Meg couldn't come today. Neither could Amy. = Amy couldn't come either.
Dad won't pay attention. Neither will Mum. = Mum won't pay attention either.

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