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English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.


Preposition    Meaning    Examples
above   higher than, or over    The sun is above the clouds.
across   from one side to the other    It's dangerous to run across the road.
after - following something
- later than
- The boy ran after the ball.
- I'll phone you after lunch.
against - in opposition to
- in contact with
- Stealing is against the law.
- The sofa is against the wall.
along   from one end to the other    They are walking along the street. 
among   surrounded by    Peter was among the spectators. 
around - in a circle
- near, approximately
- He walked around the table.
- It costs around 50 euros.
before - earlier than
- in front of
- The day before yesterday.
- He bowed before the king.
behind    at the back of    Passengers sit behind the driver. 
below   lower than    His shorts are below his knees. 
beneath   under    The pen was beneath the books. 
beside   next to   The bank is beside the cinema.
between   in the space separating two
  Mary sat between Tom and Jane. 
by   near, at the side of    The restaurant is by the river. 
close to   near    The school is near the church. 
down   from higher to lower    She pulled down the blind. 
for   what is intended   I bought this book for you.
from   where something starts or
  The wind is blowing from the north. 
in   at a point within an area   The pen is in the drawer. 
in front of   directly before    The child ran out in front of the bus.
inside   on the inner part of    The bird is inside the cage. 
into   enter a closed space    He went into the shop. 
near   close to    The school is near the church. 
next to   beside    The bank is next to the cinema.
off   down or away from    He fell off the horse. 
on   in a position touching a surface    The plate is on the table.
onto   move to a position on a surface    The cat jumped onto the roof of the car. 
opposite   facing, on the other side    Eva sat opposite Tom at the table. 
out of - move from a closed space
- without
- He got out of the taxi.
- She's out of work.
outside   opposite of inside,
on the outer side 
  The garden is outside the house. 
over - above/across
- on the surface of
- The plane flew over the Atlantic.
- She put a sheet over the furniture.
past   beyond    She drove past the supermarket. 
round   in a circular movement    The earth moves round the sun. 
through   from one side to the other    The Seine flows through Paris. 
throughout   in every part of   The virus spread throughout the
to   in the direct of / towards    On the way to the station. 
towards   in the direction of    The child ran towards her father. 
under   beneath, below   Water flows under the bridge. 
underneath   beneath    There was dust underneath the rug. 
up   towards or in a higher position    She walked up the stairs.

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