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English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.




 Singular Nouns :
 (even if the meaning is plural
 or if there are several words.)
Add 's after the possessor.  - Tom's car
 - The cat's tail.
 - The children's toys
 - The Queen of England's jewels
 Plural Nouns Add 's after the plural 's'.  - My parents' car.
 - The students' rooms.
 - My grandparents' house
 Names/nouns ending in 's' Add 's after the last 's'.  - Denis's wife
 - Gladys's job
 - The boss's office.
 Double Possessive Add 's after the possessor's name,
or use a possessive pronoun.
 - A friend of my father's
   (one of his friends, not the only one.)
 - A friend of mine/
 - A friend of Julie's
 Shops and people's homes Often take the possessive.  - At the hairdresser's
 - At the dentist's
 - At the Brown's

The apostrophe followed by s ('s) (ex:Tom's), to denote possession, is used for living things.
  • living things (humans and animals) :
    • John's car, the cat's milk, the dog's tail  (not the car's door)
  • groups and institutions :
    • The government's proposal, the company's policy.
  • BUT :
    • the door of the car
    • the leg of the table.
    • the roof of the house.

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