English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.
OF - FROM
Many learners find it
difficult to know when to use ‘of’ and when to use ‘from’ in
Very often this comes from the fact that in a number of languages the same preposition
is used for both 'of’ and ‘from’.
The clarifications below are intended to serve as a guide for English learners.
- ‘Of’ for possession :
To denote possession, the apostrophe followed by s ('s), (for example: Tom's), is used
for living things or groups and institutions.
- Tom's house.
- The dog's tail.
- The government's policy.
‘Of’ is used when referring to inanimate objects, to mean that something belongs
to something else.
- The roof of the car.
- The title of the book.
- The name of
- 'Of' is used in certain expressions such as :
- It is nice (good /kind /generous /silly /stupid etc.)
of (somebody) to do (something)
- It was nice of you to invite me.
- It was generous of Tom to pay for lunch.
- It was stupid of Sam to leave the window open.
- It is nice (good /kind /generous /silly /stupid etc.) of (somebody) to do (something)
- ‘Of’ is used after adjectives :
There is no real pattern – you need to learn them as you meet them. Here are some examples, but please remember that this is not a complete list :
- afraid of
- ashamed of
- aware / unaware of
- capable of
- fond of
- proud of
- sure/certain of
- tired of
is used after certain verbs :
Again, this is not a complete list, but here are some examples :
- accuse (somebody) of something
- complain of
- dream of
- hear of
- remind (somebody) of someone/something
- think of
- ‘From’ is used to refer to origins :
'From' is used to indicate that something originates or comes from something else or
some person. For example,
- Kate comes from England
- The passage is from a poem written by Lord Byron.
- From - To / From - Until :
'From' is used with the prepositions 'to' and 'until' to mark the beginning and ending point of an action in time. For example,
- I work from 9 to 5 every day.
- We will be in London next week from Tuesday until Friday.
'From' after adjectives :
‘From’ is seldom used after adjectives but in British English we find :
- different from
- ‘From’ is used after certain verbs :
This is not a complete list, but here are some examples :
- borrow from
- disappear from
- discourage from
- prevent from
- protect from