I  vs ME  subject-object pronouns| Learn English Today


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  ENGLISH GRAMMAR for ESL learners  


I vs ME

What is the difference and when do we use them?



I and ME are both pronouns.
'I' is a subject pronoun. 'ME' is an object pronoun.
There are important differences between them.

  I (subject pronoun) 

The pronoun ‘I’ is used when it is the subject of a verb, alone or with other subject pronouns or proper nouns.
  • I am going to the beach.
  • Alex and I are going to the beach.
The pronoun ‘I’ and the proper noun Alex together form the subject of the sentence, so in this sentence we need to use the subject pronoun ‘I’.

  ME (object pronoun) 

The pronoun ‘me’ is used when it is the object of a verb, alone or with other object pronouns or proper nouns.
  • Emma came with me.
  • Emma came with Alex and me.
  • Emma joined Alex and me at the beach.
The pronoun ‘me’ and the proper noun Alex together form the object of the verb ’joined’, so here we need to use the object pronoun ‘me’.

Which pronouns should you use?

What is confusing for some people is which form to use when there are two subjects or objects.
The easiest way to make sure you’ve chosen the right pronoun is to remove the additional noun or pronoun and see if the sentence reads properly:
  • The man asked Peter to help.
  • The man asked I to help.(wrong)
  • The man asked (Peter and) I to help.(wrong)
  • The man asked me to help.(correct)
  • The man asked Peter and me to help. (correct)
More examples:
  • I am going shopping.
  • Melanie and I are going shopping.
  • Lisa is coming shopping with Melanie and me.
  • The dog followed Melanie and me to Lisa's house.

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