English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.
AFFECT - EFFECT
The difference between 'affect' and 'effect'.
Many people are confused about the difference between affect and effect.
Before going any further, remember that “affect” is almost always a verb,
whereas “effect” is more commonly used as a noun.
Affect and effect are used as follows :
- AFFECT :
Affect is most often used as a verb meaning ‘to have an impact’, ‘to change’ or 'to alter'.
- Nutrition affects our health.
- His attitude affected the atmosphere in the office.
- Severe flooding affected many regions.
- The snow storm affected air traffic.
- Public protests did not affect the government's decision.
- Thousands of people will be affected by the proposed changes.
- Living in such a dark place affected his eyesight.
- She affected indifference although she was very upset.
(= she pretended that she did not care)
- EFFECT :
Effect is most often used as a noun meaning ‘a result’, ‘a consequence’ or ‘an influence’.
The expression ‘have an effect on’ is often used.
- His words produced the desired effect.
- Her warning had no effect on the children.
- The effect on the economy was disastrous.
- The medication will not have an immediate effect.
- Music often has a soothing effect on people.
or 'to put into operation'. The use of effect as a verb is usually found in formal contexts.
- The firm effected the transition to computerised accounting last month.
- The bank was requested to effect the transfer of funds immediately.
- Personal effects should be packed separately.
Affect is related to action whereas effect is related to consequence or result.