English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.
Formation and Position of Adverbs
Adverbs are used to say
how, how often, where or
what manner we do something.
• She danced very gracefully.
• They were all chatting happily when we arrived.
• He drove carefully along the icy road.
• The technician explained the problem very clearly.
• Tom often travels by train.
• The children are playing outside.
• Jane really likes that band.
|Formation of adverbs||Adjective||Adverb|
|Most adverbs are formed
by adding -ly to the adjective :
|For adjectives ending in
-y, -e, -ic,
the adverbs are formed as follows :
Although they end in -ly,
the following words are
NOT adverbs :
friendly, lively, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly
for example : a friendly person, a silly remark, an ugly duckling, and so on ...
Position of Adverbs
Different types of adverbs go in different positions.
|manner||These adverbs usually go after the verb.
They go after the object.
If the object is long, the adverb can go
before the verb.
|He spoke clearly.
He read the instructions carefully.
He read carefully the instructions.
He slowly moved the newspaper and picked up the book.
|frequency||They go after the verb ‘be’."
They go before all other verbs.
Between two verbs if there are two.
After the first verb if there are more than two.
Before two verbs if the second verb is an infinitive.
Frequency phrases (e.g. once a week)
go at the beginning
or at the end of a sentence.
|Tom is often late.
Eva sometimes takes the bus.
You can always change it later.
I would never have found the way.
We generally try to eat healthy food.
Every so often Anna goes to the library.
She plays tennis once a week.
|place||Here, there, inside,etc.
usually go at the
end of a sentence.
|Come and sit here.
They are waiting inside.
|degree||Really, quite,etc.usually go before the verb.
If there are two verbs they go between.
A lot, very much, etc. go at the end.
|I really love that dress.
I would just like a glass of water.
He watches television a lot.