English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
are used to compare two things or
people to each other.
•A bus is bigger than a car.
•Bill is older than Harry.
Superlative adjectives are used to compare one member of a group to the whole group.
We use the with a superlative adjective.
•The Nile is the longest river in the world.
•In our class Maria is the oldest and Charlie is the youngest.
|One syllable :||long||longer than||the longest|
|(add : -er / -est)||nice||nicer than||the nicest|
|hot||hotter than||the hottest|
|Two or more syllables :||famous||more famous than||the most famous|
before the adjective)
|interesting||less interesting than||the least interesting|
|practical||more practical than||the most
|Two syllables ending in -y :||funny||funnier than||the funniest|
|easy||easier than||the easiest|
|happy||happier than||the happiest|
|Irregular Adjectives :||good||better than||the best|
|bad||worse than||the worst|
|much/many||more than||the most|
|little||less than||the least|
|far||farther/further than||the farthest/furthest|
1) Some two-syllable adjectives have two possible forms of comparison, for example:
• commoner/more common • likelier/more likely • pleasanter/more pleasant
• politer/more polite • simpler/more simple • stupider/more stupid • subtler/more subtle
2) Adjectives ending with a vowel and a consonant
double the consonant
• big - bigger - biggest
except when the consonant is 'w'or 'y' :
• new - newer - newest.