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English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.


Comparative and Superlative Adjectives



Comparative adjectives are used to compare two things or people to each other.
•A bus is bigger than a car.
•Bill is older than Harry.

Superlative adjectives are used to compare one member of a group to the whole group.
We use the with a superlative adjective.
•The Nile is the longest river in the world.
•In our class Maria is the oldest and Charlie is the youngest.

FORMATION

Form Adjective Comparative Superlative
One syllable : long longer than the longest
(add : -er / -est) nice nicer than the nicest
hot hotter than the hottest
 
Two or more syllables : famous more famous than the most famous
(add: more-less/most-least
before the adjective)
interesting less interesting than the least interesting
practical more practical than the most practical
Two syllables ending in -y : funny funnier than the funniest
(the 'y' becomes 'i'
before -er/-est)
easy easier than the easiest
happy happier than the happiest
Irregular Adjectives : good better than the best
  bad worse than the worst
  much/many more than the most
  little less than the least
  far farther/further than the farthest/furthest
       
   Please note:

1) Some two-syllable adjectives have two possible forms of comparison, for example:
   • commoner/more common   • likelier/more likely   • pleasanter/more pleasant
   • politer/more polite  • simpler/more simple  • stupider/more stupid  • subtler/more subtle

2) Adjectives ending with a vowel and a consonant double the consonant
   • big  -  bigger  -  biggest
    except
when the consonant is 'w'or 'y' :
     • new - newer - newest.






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