Visitors :


Please place a pin on
the guestmap to show
where you come from.


Free Guestmap from Bravenet.com

Many thanks for all your encouraging messages.

Guestmap information


Follow us on Facebook
Facebook icon

Custom Search



English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.


A LOT OF  -  MUCH  -  MANY



A lot of - much - many :
  • A lot of :

    • A lot of can be used in all sentences: affirmative, negative and interrogative.
  • Much - many :

    • Much is used with uncountable nouns (for example: 'much English')

    • Many is used with countable nouns (for example : 'many words').

    • Much and many are used in negative and interrogative sentences.
      They are rarely used in affirmative sentences, except:

      • If they begin a sentence:
        - Many people believe all they hear.
        - Much of what was said was confusing.

      • If they are preceded by ‘so’, ‘as’ and ‘too’
            and in some expressions with ‘very’:
        - There was much noise.
        - There was so much noise that I couldn’t hear very well.
        - We ate many cherries.
        - You can eat as many cherries as you like.
        - They gave us much information.
        - They gave us too much information.
        - I enjoyed the film very much.

      • In formal or written English.
        In affirmative sentences much and many are more often used in formal or
        written English whereas a lot of/ lots of are more common in conversational English.
        For example, much and many are generally used in newspaper reports and headlines.

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
We learn a lot of English. I don't know a lot of English. Do you learn a lot of English?
I make a lot of mistakes. I don't know much English. Do you know much English?
BUT :    
Much of our food is exported. I don't know a lot of words. Do you make a lot of mistakes?
Many people drive too fast. I don't know many words. Do you make many mistakes?



Compare a lot of and a lot :
  • Tom knows a lot of vocabulary.
  • Charlie is talkative. He talks a lot.

back to grammar list